07 Jan Bone Marrow Transplant and Stem Cell Transplant-What is the Connection
In your middle school biology class, you’ve probably come across the diagram of a bone’s cross-section, labeling the bone marrow. If so, you might be familiar with its importance. The sponge-like tissue is present at the bone’s center and faces the task of producing red, white blood cells, and platelets.
The cells play an important role in many medical treatments, particularly ones involving cell transplantation. Bone marrow transplant involves replacing bone marrow with new and healthy cells. These cells come from a donor or the patient’s own body.
It is worth mentioning that a bone marrow transplant also refers to a stem cell transplant. In medical domains, this is a hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Los Angeles stem cell therapy has become a popular way to treat a wide variety of immune and blood diseases. Stem cell doctor Los Angeles also use it to treat cancer, including myeloma, leukemia, and lymphoma.
If you or a loved one is considering opting for a bone marrow transplant, it’s important to understand the procedure’s connection with stem cells. Proper knowledge may help you make an informed decision.
Bone Marrow Transplant and Stem Cell Transplant- What is the Connection
Note that stem cells come with the ability to replicate themselves. The cells can naturally change into the kinds of cells the body needs. In fact, your body has different types of stem cells in various parts.
Life-threatening diseases like cancer often damage your body’s hematopoietic stem cells. The cells are a type of stem cells that have the ability to turn into healthy blood cells. As mentioned above, bone marrow is a spongy-tissue present in the body. The tissues consist of hematopoietic stem cells.
These cells form the tissues between the bones. The type of cells is also present in the blood circulating through your body. If hematopoietic stem cells suffer from damage due to any reason, they don’t turn into red, white blood cells and platelets.
Types of Bone Marrow or Stem Cell Transplant
Bone marrow or stem cell transplants have different types. Mainly, there is;
Autologous transplants are the type of stem cells that come from the body. Sometimes, doctors use high-intensive radiation-therapy and chemotherapy treatments to treat cancers. The treatments, although effective, damage your immune system and stem cells.
That is why; medical experts of stem cell therapy Los Angeles prefer removing or rescuing stem cells from bone marrow before the cancer treatment. Once the treatment is complete, they place the stem cells back to restore your immune system. This helps your body regain its ability to fight infections and produce blood cells. The process is also called stem cell rescue.
Allogeneic transplant uses stem cells from a donor. A donor (whose bone marrow matches the patient) gives stem cells to the patient after radiation and chemotherapy are complete. Many doctors call this type of transplant an ALLO transplant.
To conclude, bone marrow transplants like ALLO and AUTO use stem cells. Each medical process involves collecting and replacing stem cells of the patient receiving the cancer treatment. Consider taking Los Angeles stem cell therapy to help your body prepare for the bone marrow transplant.