Tuberculosis Symptoms May be Treated with Stem Cell Therapy

Tuberculosis Symptoms May be Treated with Stem Cell Therapy

Although we have almost eliminated tuberculosis in the developed world, this disease still affects people today. If not treated, it can cause severe illness and even death. It is transmitted through the air and affects the lungs and respiratory tract. Stem cell therapy is being considered as a treatment for patients who have tuberculosis because of its growing resistance to drug therapy.

 

What is Tuberculosis?

 

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. Compared with other diseases caused by a single infectious agent, tuberculosis is the second biggest killer, globally. The Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium causes TB. It is spread through the air when a person with TB coughs, sneezes, spits, laughs, or talks. TB is contagious, but it is not easy to catch. Most people with active TB who have received appropriate treatment for at least two weeks are no longer contagious. Since antibiotics began to be used to fight TB, some strains have become resistant to drugs. Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) is when an antibiotic fails to kill all of the bacteria, with the surviving bacteria developing resistance to that antibiotic and often others at the same time.

 

MDR-TB is treatable and curable only with the use of very specific anti-TB drugs, which are often limited or not readily available. A few general measures can be taken to prevent the spread of active TB. Wearing a mask, covering the mouth, and ventilating rooms can also limit the spread of bacteria. People with compromised immune systems are most at risk of developing active tuberculosis. For instance, HIV suppresses the immune system, making it harder for the body to control TB bacteria. The majority of TB cases can be cured when the right medication is available and administered correctly. The precise type and length of antibiotic treatment depend on a person’s age, overall health, potential resistance to drugs, whether the TB is latent or active, and the location of the infection. People with latent TB may need just one kind of TB antibiotics, whereas people with active TB will often require a prescription of multiple drugs. Antibiotics are usually required for a relatively long time. The standard length of time for a course of TB antibiotics is about six months. Any course of treatment needs to be completed fully, even if the TB symptoms have gone away. Any bacteria that have survived the treatment could become resistant to the medication that has been prescribed and could lead to developing MDR-TB in the future.

 

How Can Tuberculosis Be Treated with Stem Cell Therapy?

 

Stem cells have the amazing ability to regenerate new tissue that has been previously damaged. In tuberculosis, they can reduce inflammation in the lungs and airways, while also increasing tissue growth factors in the lungs. This can heal damaged lung tissue and improve breathing in patients with tuberculosis. More research needs to be done before it is considered safe.

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