Stem Cell Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Stem Cell Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Stem cell therapy has been showing promising results in the treatment of several musculoskeletal disorders. Since mesenchymal stem cells have the unique ability to modulate the immune system, it may help to treat and improve quality of life for Rheumatoid Arthritis patients.

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory disorder. The disease is characterized by inflammation throughout the body, mainly in the joints.

Mesenchymal stem cells have the extraordinary capacity to turn into into any cell in the body. So, stem cells can be administered intravenously to repair damaged tissue in the body. In case of Rheumatoid Arthritis patients, stem cells can repair damaged tissue, relieve pain and improve mobility.

Stem cells also have an immune-modulatory effect on the immune system. This means that stem cells can calm an imbalanced immune system in patients with autoimmune disorders.  Mesenchymal stem cells have shown immunosuppressive capacity by inhibiting T‐cell proliferation to allo-antigens and mitogens and preventing the development of cytotoxic T‐cells in vitro. MSCs can, hence,be highly beneficial in the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), by calming the excessive pathogenic immune response.

However, it is important to remember that while studies are showing promising results, stem cell therapy is not a “cure” for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). That said, mesenchymal stem cells can significantly help RA patients by reducing inflammation and stabilizing the immune system.

 

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