STEM CELL THERAPY: HOPE FOR MACULAR DEGENERATION?

STEM CELL THERAPY: HOPE FOR MACULAR DEGENERATION?

Macular degeneration is an eye disorder that results in the damage of the central part of the retina and consequent central vision loss. Even though this condition doesn’t cause blindness, it is a major concern because it affects vision significantly and to various degrees in different people. The aim of conventional therapy for macular degeneration is to slow down the progression of the disease. Lifestyle modifications like smoking cessation, antioxidants, vitamins, and mineral supplementation, and control of risk factors for disease progression are part of conventional therapeutic interventions for macular degeneration. Modern medicine has brought stem cell therapy to the forefront and experts are considering the potential benefits of stem cell therapy in treating macular degeneration.

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration which is also commonly referred to as Age-related macular degeneration is an eye disease characterized by damage to the macula of the retina and loss of central vision. It is listed as the leading cause of visual loss in adults. People with this condition may be unable to see faces clearly, drive or perform some of their usual activities. They will have to compensate for the central vision loss by using their peripheral vision.

The primary pathophysiology of this condition is still unclear but scientists believe that the cause is linked to factors like oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and inflammation. Macular degeneration occurs in stages and the rate of progression may be slower or faster in some people. Risk factors found to be associated with this eye condition include smoking, poor diet, overweight, advanced age, hypertension, exposure to UV light, and family history.

Types of macular degeneration

There are two known types of macular degeneration and they are; Dry macular degeneration and wet macular degeneration. Dry macular degeneration is the commonest type seen in patients with this condition.

Dry macular degeneration is the non-exudative form of this disease. It is caused by the deposition of a substance known as drusen under the macula. In some people, dry macular degeneration progresses to the wet type of disease. It progresses slowly and patients may have mild symptoms in the early stages of the disease.

Wet macular degeneration is caused by the development or growth of abnormal blood vessels under the retina and macula. It is usually preceded by dry macular degeneration. The abnormal blood vessels are weak and leak proteins and blood that accumulate below the macula.

What are the symptoms of macular degeneration?

The symptoms of macular degeneration include; central vision reduction, blurry vision, difficulty recognizing faces, hazy vision, dark spots in the center of vision, and straight lines appearing wavy or crooked. The symptoms of the disease usually progress and worsen with time.

Advanced stem cell therapy for macular degeneration

Stem cells are unique cells found in the body that can renew themselves, differentiate into specific cell types depending on the body’s needs, and promote the healing of damaged tissues in the body. The interesting facts about stem cells have encouraged several years of research on the many ways they can be used to achieve a cure for various medical conditions. They have been used successfully to treat blood disorders and are currently being explored for treatment in different fields of medicine.

Stem cell therapy leverages interesting facts about stem cells to replace and repair damaged tissues in the body. Several research works and clinical trials have studied the use of advanced stem cell therapy in the treatment of wet or dry macular degeneration.

According to available scientific reports, stem cell therapy shows great potential for treating macular degeneration. However, there are still concerns about side effects and possible treatment failures. Several research groups, international organizations, and institutes have launched clinical trials to explore stem cell therapy options for macular degeneration. The aim is to develop a safe, natural, and efficient treatment option for macular degeneration by maximizing the healing potential of stem cells.

The available stem cell treatments for macular degeneration are still in clinical trials and patients must discuss with their ophthalmologists and consider the possible risks before venturing into such treatments.

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Best center for stem cell-based treatment strategies

There are lots of stem cell treatment centers offering stem cell therapy for a wide range of medical conditions in the United States. To find the best center for stem cell treatment in Beverly Hills consult a physician first, look out for centers that are run by licensed physicians, use the best technology available and provide authentic patient reviews.

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