Hodgkin’s Disease Patients Could Find Relief with Stem Cell Therapy

Hodgkin’s Disease Patients Could Find Relief with Stem Cell Therapy

Hodgkin’s disease is a form of cancer that affects a patient’s blood and lymphatic system. There are several stages to the condition, like in other forms of cancer. Stem cell therapy is being considered as a treatment for Hodgkin’s disease because of their ability to regenerate new blood cells.

 

What is Hodgkin’s Disease?

 

Hodgkin’s disease (HD) is a type of lymphoma, which is blood cancer, that starts in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system helps the immune system get rid of waste and fight infections. HD is also called Hodgkin disease, Hodgkin lymphoma, and Hodgkin’s lymphoma. HD originates in white blood cells that help protect you from germs and infections. These white blood cells are called lymphocytes. In people with HD, these cells grow abnormally and spread beyond the lymphatic system. As the disease progresses, it makes it more difficult for your body to fight infections. HD can be either classic Hodgkin’s disease or nodular lymphocytic predominant Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NLPHL). The type of HD is based on the types of cells involved in your condition and their behavior. The main cause of HD isn’t known.

 

 

The disease has been linked to DNA mutations, or changes, as well as to the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which causes mononucleosis. The most common symptom of HD is swelling of the lymph nodes, which causes a lump to form under the skin. This lump usually isn’t painful. Once an HD diagnosis has been made, the cancer is assigned a stage. Staging describes the extent and severity of the disease. It will help your doctor determine your treatment options and outlook. Treatment for HD typically depends on the stage of the disease. The main treatment options are chemotherapy and radiation. Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams of radiation to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy involves the use of medications that can kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs may be given orally or injected through a vein, depending on the specific medication. Radiation therapy alone may be sufficient for treating early-stage NLPHL. If you have NLPHL, you may only need radiation since the condition tends to spread more slowly than classic HD. In advanced stages, targeted therapeutic drugs may be added to your chemotherapy regimen.

Immunotherapy or a stem cell transplant may also be used if you don’t respond to chemotherapy or radiation. A stem cell transplant infuses healthy cells called stem cells into your body to replace the cancerous cells in your bone marrow.

 

How Can Stem Cell Therapy Help Patients with Hodgkin’s Disease Find Relief from their Symptoms?

 

Stem cells can be taken from bone marrow, the same place where our blood cells are naturally made in the body. The damaged bone marrow and blood cells may be able to be replaced with newer stem cells in patients with Hodgkin’s disease. The cancerous blood cells would be killed through chemo or radiation and replaced with the new and healthy stem cells that will become blood cells.

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