Cerebral Palsy Symptoms May Be Managed With Stem Cell Therapy

Cerebral Palsy Symptoms May Be Managed With Stem Cell Therapy

Cerebral palsy is a congenital disability affecting the motor coordination of children into adulthood. These patients are not able to control their movements and may have difficulties performing daily tasks. It can also cause problems with the nervous system and respiratory system in the most severe cases. There are no cures for this condition, and preventative measures during pregnancy do not always work. Stem cell therapy is being considered as a treatment for patients with cerebral palsy. It may be able to help them regain some control over their motor functions, restoring healthier cells to the central nervous system.

 

What is Cerebral Palsy?

 

Cerebral palsy is a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that is caused by damage that occurs to the immature, developing brain, most often before birth.

 

Signs and symptoms appear during infancy or preschool years. In general, cerebral palsy causes impaired movement associated with abnormal reflexes, floppiness or rigidity of the limbs and trunk, abnormal posture, involuntary movements, unsteady walking, or some combination of these. People with cerebral palsy may have problems swallowing and commonly have an eye muscle imbalance, in which the eyes don’t focus on the same object. People with cerebral palsy also may suffer a reduced range of motion at various joints of their bodies due to muscle stiffness. Cerebral palsy’s effect on functional abilities varies greatly. Some affected people can walk while others can’t. Some people show normal or near-normal intellectual capacity, but others may have intellectual disabilities. Epilepsy, blindness or deafness also may be present.

Signs and symptoms can vary greatly, but movement and coordination problems are the most significant indicators. The disability associated with cerebral palsy may be limited primarily to one limb or one side of the body, or it may affect the whole body. The brain disorder causing cerebral palsy doesn’t change with time, so the symptoms usually don’t worsen with age. However, muscle shortening and muscle rigidity may worsen if not treated aggressively. Brain abnormalities associated with cerebral palsy also may contribute to other neurological problems. Cerebral palsy is caused by an abnormality or disruption in brain development, usually before a child is born.

 

In many cases, the exact trigger isn’t known. Factors that may lead to problems with brain development include genetic mutations, maternal infections during development, fetal stroke, infant infections, traumatic head injuries to an infant, and lack of oxygen to the brain during birth. Muscle weakness, muscle spasticity, and coordination problems can contribute to several complications either during childhood or later during adulthood. These can include breathing and lung complications, malnutrition, mental health concerns, arthritis, neurological conditions, and eye muscle incoordination. Most cases of cerebral palsy can’t be prevented, but you can lessen risks by being informed and healthy during and before your pregnancy.

 

How Can Cerebral Palsy Symptoms be managed with Stem Cell Therapy?

 

Recent studies have shown success in reducing the amount and severity of cerebral palsy symptoms. They can transplant bone marrow cells and restore better control of motor movements, bladder control, overall mood and attitude, and memory functioning. It is still being studied as a treatment method for cerebral palsy but is showing promising results.

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